Legal Term Dictionary

Search our free database of thousands of legal terms. The easiest-to-read, most user-friendly guide to legal terms.This dictionary is from the early 20th century and is not to be construed as legal advice.

    A surety is one who at the request of another, and for the purpose of securing to him a benefit, becomes responsible for the performance by the latter of some act In favor of a third person, or hypothecates property as security therefor. Civ. Code Cal. f 2831; Civ. Code More...
    See WATER.
    One whose profession or occupation is to cure diseases or injuries of the body by manual operation; one whose occupation is to cure local injuries or disorders, whether by manual operation, or by medication and , constitutional treatment Webster. See Smith v. Lane, 24 Hun (N. Y.) 632; Stewart v. More...
    Formerly where a defendant pleaded a local custom, for instance, a cus: torn of the city of London, it was necessary for him to "surmise," that is, to suggest that such custom should be certified to the court by the mouth of the recorder, and without such a surmise the More...
    The family name; the name over and above the Christian name. The part of a name which is not given in baptism; the last name; the name common to all members of a family.
    In English ecclesiastical law. Fees payable on ministerial offices of the church; such as baptisms, funerals, marriages, etc
    That which remains of a fund appropriated for a particular purpose; the remainder of a thing; the overplus.; the residue. See People's F. Ins. Co. v. Parker, 35 N. J. Law, 577; Towery v. McGaw (Ky.) 56 S. W. 727; Appeal of Coates, 2 Pa. 137. -Surplus earnings. See EARNINGS.
    In pleading. Allegations of matter wholly foreign and impertinent to the cause. All matter beyond the circumstances necessary to constitute the action. See State v. Whltehouse, 95 Me. 179, 49 Atl. 869; Adams v. Capital State Bank, 74 Miss. 307, 20 South. 881; Bradley v. Reynolds, 61 Conn. 271, 23 More...
    In equity practice. The act by which a party who is entering into a contract Is taken unawares, by which sudden confusion or perplexity is created, which renders it proper that a court of equity should relieve the party so surprised. 2 Brown, Ch. 150. Anything which happens without the More...
    In pleading. The plaintiff's answer of fact to the defendant's rebutter. Steph. Pi. 59.
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